Muay Thai is considered as a combat martial art that originated from Thailand. This makes use of stand-up striking in combination with other techniques. This type of martial art requires mental and physical discipline that includes combat on foot, which is known as the "art of eight weapons". This is characterized by the combined use of elbows, fists, feet, shins, and knees in good physical preparation that allows full-contact fight to become very efficient.
Details about Muay Thai
Muay Thai rose to popularity in the 16th century; however, it only became widespread around the globe during the 20th century. This happened when a lot of Thai fighters won over their opponents from other martial arts. This particular sport is governed solely by the International Federation of Muay Thai Amateur, while the professional league is governed by the world Muay Thai Council.
The Importance of Conditioning
Just like most other contact sports, full body conditioning is very important in Muay Thai. This martial art is designed to enhance the level of fitness and as well as toughness that are necessary for the competition. Training for Muay Thai will require a lot of combat sport conditioning routines such as shadowboxing, running, body weight resistance exercises, rope jumping, abdominal exercises medicine ball exercises, and as well as weight training.
Most Thai boxers rely on using their shin bone during their kicks. This is also similar to Muay Thai practitioners; however, repeatedly hitting their shins with hard objects is necessary in order to condition and strengthen the bone through cortical remodeling. Because of this, most practitioners apply liberal amounts of Namman Muay before and after their training sessions.
Aside from this, Muay Thai practitioners also make use of focus mitts, Thai pads, sparring, and heavy bag during training. The daily training will require many rounds of various methods of practice such as the 3 to 5 intense workout separated by a minute or two of rest periods. Thai pad training is also considered a cornerstone in Muay Thai conditioning. This involves kicks, punches, knees, and elbow strikes with the help of a trainer wearing thick pads. These pads are used to cover the hands and the forearms. These Thai pads are necessary in order to absorb the impact of the strikes, which also allows the fighter to respond to the attacks made by the pad holder in an actual scenario. Aside from these, the trainer can also wear a belly pad to cover the abdomen in order to allow the fighter to attack with the use of kicks and knee strikes.
Other Useful Materials for Muay Thai Training
Another item that is commonly used in training for Muay Thai is the focus mitts. These mitts can help enhance the fighter's punch combinations timing, defense, counter punching, and hand speed. This can also be used to sharpen the elbow strikes. Aside from these mitts, heavy bags can also be used to condition and reinforce the techniques that were practiced using the pads. Sparring, on the other hand, is also helpful in order to test the skills, range, strategy, and timing of the fighter against the partner. This is often considered only as a light to medium contact exercise. With the help of sparring, techniques, tactics, and strategies can be trained including clinching, cutting off the ring, close fighting, and the use of the reach and distance tactic.
Due to the rigorous training regimen, most professional Thai boxers have a relatively short career inside the ring. A lot retire from competing in order to teach and instruct newcomers and neophytes in Muay Thai. Most of these professional boxers come from lower economic backgrounds. The money they win is usually used to support their families. Only a few fighters come from the higher economic strata. Some of them even practice the sport as a hobby or as an amateur Thai boxer.